Monday, December 2, 2019

Analysis of Malicious ElectrumX Servers Source Code

Some months ago it was reported in reddit a post about malicious servers on the Electrum network performing phishing attacks against the users of the Electrum wallet (a bitcoin client). It was confirmed by Electrum in this github issue. These fantastic posts in and malwarebytes explained really well how the phishing attack was performed.

Recently I have found some malicious ElectrumX nodes in the Electrum network that are still being connected by the Electrum software. In this post I share some information about these nodes and the ElectrumX patched code that they execute.

Tuesday, November 5, 2019

Brief analysis of Redaman Banking Malware (v0.6.0.2) Sample

Redaman is a well-known banking malware, discovered around 2015. Recently I have been analyzing a recent version of the malware (, not sure if latest version, probably one of the newest). This malware uses some interesting tricks probably introduced in these recent versions. In this post I share some notes about the analysis.

Monday, July 29, 2019

Analysis of the Frenchy Shellcode

In this post I analyze a shellcode that I have named "Frenchy shellcode" because of the mutex that it creates (depending on the version: frenchy_shellcode_01, frenchy_shellcode_002, frenchy_shellcode_003,...). This shellcode has been seen together with different packers and loading different malware families (agenttesla, avemaria stealer, formbook, netwire, etc...). Because of this, I decided to take a look at this shellcode and share my notes. Additionally I share a PoC, a python script that loads Frenchy shellcode and uses it to perform hollow processes and execute calc.exe in the context of notepad.exe.

Monday, May 13, 2019

Quick Analysis of AgentTesla SMTP Variant Sample (dated 08-05-2019)

In this post I perform a quick analysis of a recent AgentTesla SMTP variant sample, paying special attention to the strings decryptor (most of the interesting information is kept as encrypted strings, smtp server and mail address included), in an attempt for documenting a bit more the decompiled source code with references to the decrypted strings where they are used, to understand how the malware works.

Monday, April 15, 2019

Analysis of .Net Deucalion IrcBot Sample Obfuscated with ConfuserEx+KoiVM

In this post I perform a quick analysis of a sample that seems to be an ircbot, named alphaircbot (based on the tags) or deucalion (based on the internal .net classes names and deobfuscated strings). The malware family itself doesn't seem specially interesting, however, it is obfuscated with ConfuserEx obfuscator + KoiVM virtualization.

It was quite hard for me to deal with the obfuscated code, and debug it with dnSpy or similar tools to get the original assembly. I decided to use Windbg's sos extension to walk the loaded assemblies and to find the dynamic assemblies belonging to the original malware code. With this extension it is possible to enum the method tables foreach assembly and the stacks foreach thread that is executing managed code, making easy to find jit generated code that belongs to the malware code (and interesting malware's data referenced by the jit generated code).

  • Original Packed Sample: 40e751c032c75d33c807219b2de6c584
  • Source Url: hxxp://54.38.22[.]53/spike/svchost.exe
  • Info Url: URLhaus
  • Automatic Generated Report: PepperMalware Report
  • Virustotal First Submission: 2018-06-10 16:37:46
  • Other AlphaIrcbot samples at Any.Run: 

  • asdjdsffdgnms.exe (2018-08-19 10:25:54)
  • KFDJfd.exe (2018-11-16 00:26:10)
  • jjunpkvyalquru.exe (2018-09-01 21:40:15) 

  • Any.Run Tags: alphaircbot
  • Related links:


  • Friday, March 22, 2019

    Analysis of .Net Stealer GrandSteal (2019-03-18)

    In this post I share my notes about the analysis of a sample (an stealer written in .Net) whose family is unknown to me (any feedback is welcome, if you know the family for the sample that I describe, please tell me and I will update this post). Somebody tagged the sample as quasar at Any.Run, however, after analyzing it and comparing with Quasar code, I concluded this sample doesn't seem to belong to Quasar family. Searching information about the collected IoCs was not successful to classify the sample. I am calling it GrandSteal because of the internal names of the .Net classes of the malware's decompiled code.

    • Original Packed Sample: 89782B6CDAAAB7848D544255D5FE7002
    • Source Url: http://a4.doshimotai[.]ru/pxpx.exe
    • Info Url: VxVault URLhaus
    • Automatic Generated Report: PepperMalware Report
    • Virustotal First Submission: 2019-03-18 22:28:20
    • Any.Run Analysis: Here
    • Any.Run Tags: Evasion, Trojan, Rat, Quasar
    • My Classification: I named it GrandSteal because of the internal .Net classes names (if you have any information about any well-known family that this malware belongs to, please, tell me and I will update this post)
    • Decompiled Source Code: PepperMalware Github

    Monday, March 18, 2019

    Analysis of BlackMoon (Banking Trojan)'s Evolution, And The Possibility of a Latest Version Under Development

    BlackMoon, also known as KrBanker, is a banking trojan that mainly targets South Korea. I thought this family was dead since time ago (around 2016), however these previous days I got a couple of rencent samples that, after unpacking them and performing a quick analysis, I noticed they were BlackMoon. Virustotal's first submission date for one of these samples is 2018-06-18. First submission date for the other one is 2018-11-01. After digging a bit more into this malware family, my conclussion was that probably there is a latest version of BlackMoon that is under development. I explain it in this post, that I hope you enjoy.

    Tuesday, March 5, 2019

    Quick Analysis of a Trickbot Sample with NSA's Ghidra SRE Framework

    This post is not a deep analysis of TrickBot. Here, I did a quick analysis of a TrickBot sample from early 2019 by using the Ghidra Software Reverse Engineering (SRE) Framework, developed by the NSA, that was released some hours ago. This is not a deep analysis of TrickBot, I only wanted to learn a bit about Ghidra and I used this framework to find some interesting parts of the code of TrickBot that were introduced in the newer versions of the malware. Hope you enjoy it!

    Wednesday, January 2, 2019

    Analysis of Neutrino Bot Sample (dated 2018-08-27)

    In this post I analyze a Neutrino Bot sample. It was probably generated 2018-08-27. I will compare the analyzed Neutrino sample with the NukeBot's source code that was leaked on spring, 2017, and I will check that Neutrino Bot is probably an evolution (or, at least, it reuses parts) of the NukeBot leaked code.